Article 5115

Title of the article



Garazha Natalia Alekseevna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of philosophy, history and law, Novorossiysk branch of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (56 Vidova street, Novorossiysk, Krasnodar region, Russia),

Index UDK

94(430).086 «1941/1945»


Background. The article considers a problem of the specificity of ostarbeiters’ ranking by national socialists in terms of their belonging to different ethnic groups. The particular attention of the work was turned to approbation of the Nazi system of separation of peoples not only by a term of stay within the camp space and in labor groups, but to suggestion of deep faults conflict between nations with a common historical background, religious and socio-cultural space.
Materials and methods. In the study the author applied the discursive (semiotic) method, which provided an opportunity to understand the connotative meaning of documents (official and personal origin), that is, the actual content and significance of stereotypes, values, views of their authors.
Results. Unfortunately, the authors note that certain destructive pendulums of the policy of the Third Reich received its prolongation in the postwar period. In this regard, it is important to analyze both strengths and weaknesses of the Nazi program of ethnic ranking. Also of particular interest is the study of the motives of opposition to such practices of segregation: what place in the study is occupied by the principles of internationalism, humanity or random selection.
Conclusions. Rationale and implementation of the thesis about the intellectual, psychosocial and physiological superiority of one people over the other as a natural one, moreover as a moral norm, within the labor camp was rather devoted to propagandistic dissociation of peoples to facilitate the management and to maximize the returns to labor.

Key words

eastern workers, ostarbeiters, prisoners of war, Third Reich, Great Patriotic War, use of labour, ethnic segregation.

Download PDF

1. Lepetukhin N. V. Teorii rasizma v obshchestvenno-politicheskoy zhizni Zapadnoy Evro¬py vtoroy poloviny XIX – nachala XX v.: Zh.-A. Gobino, G. Lebon, Kh.-S. Chemberlen [Theories of racism in the sociopolitical life of Western Europe in the second half of XIX – early XX centuries Zh.-A. Gobino, G. Lebon, Kh.-S. Chamberlen]. Ivanovo: PresSto, 2013, 146 p.
2. Gobino Zh. A. Opyt o neravenstve chelovecheskikh ras [Experience on human races inequality]. Moscow: OLMA-PRESS, 2001, 768 p.
3. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Rossiyskoy Federatsii (GARF) [State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF)]. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 235.
4. Evans R. Tretiy reykh. Dni triumfa: 1933–1939 [Third Reich]. Ekaterinburg: Faktor, 2010, 964 p.
5. Müller W. Utländers in Sülldorf – ausländische Zivil- und Zwangsarbeiter in der Sülldorfer Landwirtschaft zwischen 1939 und 1945 [Foreigners in Sulldorf – foreign civil and forced workers in Sulldorf agriculture in 1939 and 1945]. Available at: (accessed August 27, 2014).
6. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 256.
7. Maaß B. Zwangsarbeit von polinnen im Dritten reich [Forced labor of polish women in Third Reich]. Available at: (accessed August 27, 2014).
8. Woock J. Zwangsarbeit ausländischer Arbeitskräfte im Regionalbereich Verden/Aller (1939–1945) Arbeits- und Lebenssituationen im Spiegel von Archivalien und Erinnerungsberichten ausländischer Zeitzeugen: Dis. Dr. phil. [Forced labor of foreigners in Verden/Aller regions (1939–1945); life and work reflected in archives and memories of foreign witnesses: dissertation to apply for Ph. D.]. Hannover, 2004.
9. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 198.
10. Rodionov V. Ideologicheskie istoki rasovoy diskriminatsii slavyan v Tret'em reykhe [Ideological origins of racial discrimination of slavs in Third Reich]. Available at:
11. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 84.
12. Marinchenko A. A. Novaya i noveyshaya istoriya [Modern and contemporary history].2014,no.2,pp.59–91.
13. Kollaboratsionizm v Sovetskom Soyuze, 1941–1945: spravochnik po fondam RGVA [Collaboration in the Soviet Union, 1941–1945:RGVA foundations reference book].Moscow:Politicheskaya entsiklopediya,2014,166p.
14. Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy arkhiv sotsial'no-politicheskoy istorii (RGASPI) [Russian State Archive of Sociopolitical History]. F. 17. Op. 125. D. 38.
15. Satirov G. N. Otechestvennye arkhivy [National archives]. 2003, no. 6, p. 70.
16. Belorusskie ostarbaytery. Ugon naseleniya Belarusi na prinuditel'nye raboty v Germaniyu (1941–1944): Dokumenty i materialy: v 2 kn. Kn. 1. 1941–1942 [Belorussian ostarbeiters. Capture of Belorussian population for forced labor in Germany (1941–1944): Documents and materials: in 2 books. Book 1. 1941–1942]. Minsk: NARB, 1996.
17. Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy voennyy arkhiv (RGVA) [Russian State Military Archive (RGVA)]. F. 1367.Op.1.D.214.
18. Anvaer S. Krovotochit moya pamyat'. Iz zapisok studentki-medichki [My memory is bleeding. Notes of a medical student]. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2005, 208 p.
19. Tragediya i geroizm: (Sovetskie voennoplennye. 1941–1945 gody) [Tragedy and heroism: (Soviet war prisoners. 1941–1945)]. Moscow, 1999, 343 p. (Tragedy of war – tragedy of captivity: in 2 books; Book 1).
20. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 102. D. 2 a.
21. Shtrayt K. «Oni nam ne tovarishchi…»: Vermakht i sovetskie voennoplennye v 1941–1945 gg. [“They are not our comrades…”: Wehrmacht and soviet war prisoners in 1941–1945]. Moscow: Russkoe istoricheskoe obshchestvo – Russkaya panorama, 2009, 480 p.
22. Frolov D. D. Sovetsko-finskiy plen. 1939–1944 gg. Po obe storony kolyuchey provoloki [Soviet-finnish captivity. 1939–1944. On both sides of barbed wire]. Khelsinki, Finlyandiya: RME Group Ou; Saint-Petersburg: Aleteyya, 2009, 640 p.
23. Greben' E. Natsistskaya voyna na unichtozhenie na severo-zapade SSSR: regional'nyy aspekt: materialy Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Pskov, 10–11 dekabrya 2009 g.) [Nazi war of extermination in the North-West of USSR: regional aspect: proceedings of the International scientific conference (Pskov, 10–11 December 2009)]. Moscow: Fond «Istoricheskaya pamyat'», 2010, pp. 92–100.
24. Pastushenko T. Ukraintsy na prinuditel'nykh rabotakh v Tret'em reykhe. Skol'ko ikh bylo? [Ukrainians at forced labor in Third Reich. How many were there?]. Available at:
25. Melenchuk M. Ukrainian Ostarbeiters in Canada: Individual and Collective Remembering: A Thesis Submitted to the College of Graduate Studies and Research in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in the Department of History University of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon, 2012, 113 p.
26. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 217.
27. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 226. L. 3.
28. Voenno-istoricheskiy zhurnal [Military-historical journal]. 1997, no. 5.
29. Fuller Dzh. F. S. Vtoraya mirovaya voyna. 1939–1945 gg. Strategicheskiy i takticheskiy obzor [World War II. 1939–1945. Strategic and tactical review]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo inostrannoy literatury, 1956, 550 p.
30. Zemskov V. N. Istoriya SSSR [USSR history]. 1990, no. 4, pp. 26–41.
31. Velikaya Otechestvennaya voyna 1941–1945 godov: v 12 t. T. 1. Osnovnye sobytiya voyny [The Great Petriotic War of 1941–1945: in 12 volumes. Vol. 1. Main events of the war]. Moscow: Voenizdat, 2011, 848 p.
32. Polyan P. M. Mezhdu Aushvitsem i Bab'im Yarom. Razmyshleniya i issledovaniya o Katastrofe [Between Auschwitz and Babiy Yar. Refections and research of the catastrophe]. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2010, 583 p.
33. GARF. F. R-7021. Op. 148. D. 196. L. 2–4.


Дата создания: 10.07.2015 09:58
Дата обновления: 17.07.2015 08:42