Article 5115

Title of the article

 OSTARBEITERS AND SOVIET PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE NAZI IDEOLOGY AND IN
THE PRACTICE OF ETHNIC SEGREGATION DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Authors

Garazha Natalia Alekseevna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of philosophy, history and law, Novorossiysk branch of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (56 Vidova street, Novorossiysk, Krasnodar region, Russia), ngarazha@yandex.ru

Index UDK

94(430).086 «1941/1945»

Abstract

Background. The article considers a problem of the specificity of ostarbeiters’ ranking by national socialists in terms of their belonging to different ethnic groups. The particular attention of the work was turned to approbation of the Nazi system of separation of peoples not only by a term of stay within the camp space and in labor groups, but to suggestion of deep faults conflict between nations with a common historical background, religious and socio-cultural space.
Materials and methods. In the study the author applied the discursive (semiotic) method, which provided an opportunity to understand the connotative meaning of documents (official and personal origin), that is, the actual content and significance of stereotypes, values, views of their authors.
Results. Unfortunately, the authors note that certain destructive pendulums of the policy of the Third Reich received its prolongation in the postwar period. In this regard, it is important to analyze both strengths and weaknesses of the Nazi program of ethnic ranking. Also of particular interest is the study of the motives of opposition to such practices of segregation: what place in the study is occupied by the principles of internationalism, humanity or random selection.
Conclusions. Rationale and implementation of the thesis about the intellectual, psychosocial and physiological superiority of one people over the other as a natural one, moreover as a moral norm, within the labor camp was rather devoted to propagandistic dissociation of peoples to facilitate the management and to maximize the returns to labor.

Key words

eastern workers, ostarbeiters, prisoners of war, Third Reich, Great Patriotic War, use of labour, ethnic segregation.

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References

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Дата создания: 10.07.2015 09:58
Дата обновления: 17.07.2015 08:42